The majority of persons convicted of crimes have either ASPD (Antisocial Personality Disorder) or ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). According to one study do 35% of US inmates have ASPD. 45% of inmates in Sweden are estimated to have ADHD. There is also the significant problem of heroin addicts funding their addiction through massive criminal activity.
Incarceration is Torture
Torture is prohibited under international law and imprisonment due to its enduring nature is a form of torture. In addition to the sentence, is arbitrary and cruel punishment extra-judicially meted out by prison staff and parole boards are completely arbitrary and amenable to manipulation. Forensic psychiatry is even more arbitrary in continually incarcerating convicts with psychoses for years and decades based on typically flimsy assumptions. Inmates and patients in forensic psychiatry are denied access to cell phones and the internet despite this nowhere being mentioned in the sentencing. This is inhumane, cruel and constitutes degrading treatment as prolonged incarceration is quite painful indeed. Prisons and forensic psychiatric hospitals have however continued to exist due to a perceived lack of alternatives.
Persons with ASPD typically debut as criminals in their teenage years and end their criminal careers in their mid forties. Rehabilitation is generally not attempted with respect to inmates diagnosed with ASPD since nothing works. It would make sense however, to set up reservations surrounded by high walls where ASPD persons convicted of serious crimes would live until age 45 when they would be released back into society. There would have to be a large police force within each reservation and residents should be provided with free food, free housing, free medical care and free internet access. They should also be encouraged to work and study.
Heroin addicts commit crimes on a vast scale and are forced to prostitute themselves in order to fund their drug addiction. Heroin addicts should be sentenced for life to special reservations for heroin addicts where they would receive daily methadone, free food, free housing, free medical services and free internet access while not being expected to work or study. This will completely remove the market for heroin and prevent the recruitment of new heroin addicts.
Instead of incarcerating convicts in forensic psychiatric hospitals should there be forensic psychiatric reservations for those who are dangerous to the public due to also being incurably mentally ill, meaning that they do not respond well to medication. All goods and services should be provided for free without any expectations.
Pedagogic Specialization for Pupils with ADHD
Pupils with ADHD typically do not fare well in school and this is typically not for lack of talent on the part of ADHD pupils but rather due to the lack of pedagogic specialization. This is similar to those toys where a child tries to press a ball through a square hole or vice versa. It just does not work. ADHD children suffer educational stigmatization and this is a significant risk factor when it comes to being drawn into criminal life. There is a strong case for educating ADHD children separately from other pupils with a high degree of pedagogic specialization and investing considerable resources in making them succeed since persons with ADHD have advantages which e.g. make many of them suitable as entrepreneurs.
Eliminating ASPD from the Gene Pool
Persons with ASPD cause considerable and extreme suffering throughout society and not only through crime. It is a supreme societal interest to cure ASPD, particularly since persons with ASPD form the core of criminal organizations. Billions of dollars need to be invested in mapping the genetics of ASPD and artificial intelligence needs to be used to map the consequences of genetic therapy with regard to curing ASPD. Even if it turns out that persons with ASPD cannot be cured, genetic treatment must become compulsory under law for all persons with ASPD to prevent transmission of ASPD to future generations. If genetic therapy is deemed too risky, then forcible sterilization must be performed under law on all with genetic predisposition for ASPD to prevent genetic transmission.
Other Penological Measures
Even with the aforementioned measures will there nevertheless be persons who commit crimes and there are punishments that are suitable such as fines, electronic bracelets and community service. What then to do about persons convicted of serious crimes who are not diagnosed with ASPD? There should be penological reservations for those as well with persons sentenced to living for varying numbers of years in such reservations. Convicts should however be required to work for a living unless being unable to work due to age or disability.
Current execution methods deployed in the United States (lethal injections, electric chairs and gas chamber) are severely faulty. First, gas chambers lead to a slow cruel death and are therefore unacceptable. Lethal injections and electric chairs frequently fail to kill the convict in leading to suffering and botched executions, things that are quite unacceptable. The solution is rather guillotines preceded by sedation that makes the convict unconscious. The head can be stitched back to the body prior to burial. The guillotine’s separation of the head from the rest of the body is so rapid that there will be no time for pain reactions to reach the brain before the head is swiftly separated from the body. This is by far the most humane and effective execution method.