Observant rabbinic Jews have prayed three times a day for two millennia for the ingathering of the Jewish nation to the land of Israel. Even Anti-Zionist rabbis perform this prayer section and do acknowledge that Jews outside of Israel live in exile from the land of Israel. They only argue that Jews should not set up a state until the Mashiach (messiah) appears. Otherwise is there no difference of opinion on the centrality of the land of Israel for Jewish life, Jewish history and the Jewish future.
It took 51 years from the first Zionist congress in 1897 until the re-establishment of the Jewish state in 1948. Jews lived in Judea and Samaria and East Jerusalem for thousands of years until they were ethnically cleansed from there by the Jordanian occupation army in 1948. In 1967 did Jews begin to return to Hebron – the Jewish community of Hebron is the oldest continuous Rabbinically Jewish community in the world and Hebron is the second most holy city in Rabbinic Judaism after Jerusalem.
Eventually did the Israeli security establishment in the 1970s plan a matrix of restorative strategic indigenous Jewish communities throughout Judea and Samaria as designed to topographically permit Israel to strategically defend its metropolitan areas which are in desperate need of strategic depth, something which they lacked in 1948-67. Over four decades have passed of the Israeli project of restorative indigenous strategic communities and within one more decade will over one million Israeli Jews live in Judea, Samaria and East Jerusalem along with the current two million Palestinians. This is a stunning success although the world has perhaps not yet appreciated the noble strategic motivations behind this strategic project of restorative indigenous strategic communities. The demographic numbers represent an incredible success for an indigenous people in its indigenous land.
Within three decades would Haredi (strictly Ortodox Jewish) natural growth in Israel have enabled Israel to redeem and enfranchise Judea and Samaria as there will be some five million Israeli Haredim in three decades time. This is an example of Zionist long-term planning that was much misunderstood by the outside world. We will not need to wait three decades however, to redeem and enfranchise Judea and Samaria as the historical rediscovery of Median Jewry means that Zionism has entered a completely new phase. The prophets of ancient Israel predicted that the remnants of the Northern Kingdom of Israel would one day return to the land of Israel and they were certainly right. Tens of millions of Median Jews will be more than happy to make Aliyah (immigrate) to technologically and economically advanced Israel, an open society in the Middle East. This changes completely the demographic equation and enables much earlier Israeli redemption and enfranchisement of the entire Judea and Samaria.
Many presumed that the future of Israel would be determined by the dispute with the Palestinians. Nothing could be further from the truth. Judea and Samaria will at some point (sooner rather than later as it turns out) be redeemed and enfranchised by Israel and the Palestinian dispute will be consigned to the dustbin of history. Palestinians will no doubt continue to demand the “right” to immigrate to Israel for millions of descendants of Palestinian ex-refugees but that conflict will essentially be over for all practical purposes when Jordan annexes Gaza.