There has for the past two decades been a wave of regression in liberal democracy around the world. There is also a global phenomenon of semi-democratic leaders and semi-democratic movements that are nominally democratic but are actually undermining liberal democracy. What is needed are new constitutional protections for liberal democracy and Germany and Israel are showing the way.
Germany has an institution called the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (Bundesamt für Verfassungsschutz or BfV) with also one such office in every German state. The BfV engages in surveillance against all forces that threaten the constitutional order and actively protects liberal democracy. Israel’s semi-constitutional basic laws describe Israel as a democratic state and Israel’s supreme court strikes down laws that are deemed inconsistent with liberal democracy.
Liberal democracies around the world should adopt the German and Israeli models and establish national offices for the protection of the constitution, include mention of democracy in the constitution and set up constitutional courts with the power to strike down laws and annul government decisions that are inconsistent with liberal democracy.