The influx of tens of millions of Median Jewish immigrants to Israel offers an opportunity to populate the Negev desert in southern Israel. It is also a unique opportunity to bring millions of Median Jews to reside in Judea and Samaria. Millions of Median Jewish immigrants will no doubt also settle in expanded existing cities of Israel. However, the size of the influx will be such that Israel’s population will triple or quadruple. There are advantages with settling new immigrants in new cities in the Negev desert in that land is cheap and housing can therefore be provided at a much lower cost to new immigrants. The northernmost part of the Negev desert north of Beersheba is already green and settled. The challenge is to realize Israel’s first prime minister David Ben-Gurion’s vision of settling the Negev with Jewish immigrants. Of course most of the Negev will need to be cultured for the purpose of food production in making this part of Israel green and flourishing indeed.