Russia’s plan to quickly overrun Ukraine was thwarted by the heroic ZSU (Armed Forces of Ukraine). Yet Russia has still been making incremental territorial gains and that is certainly deeply worrying. The arms provided by NATO nations to Ukraine have been defensive in nature in allowing the Ukrainians to destroy attacking Russian tanks and attacking Russian fighter aircraft. However, NATO nations must already now prepare for the final phase of the war, namely the liberation of all Russian-occupied territories in Ukraine, thus ending the conflict. NATO nations need to seriously look at how they can strengthen Ukrainian offensive capabilities and they urgently need to start planning for this now.