A Swiss Model for an Independent Kurdistan

Reconciliation between Kurdish political parties is essential for building an independent Kurdistan in the Syrian, Iraqi and Iranian sections of Kurdistan and hence the current diplomatic effort by the US to promote reconciliation among Kurdish political parties.

Quickie models for democratization in Muslim countries tend to have the effect of empowering Islamists and thus undermining democratization and liberalization. The AANES (Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria) is not yet a liberal democracy but is well on the way to becoming one. The AANES model has wisely excluded Islamists from the process of democratization and is producing results in winning popular support for liberal, democratic and feminist values among the people of NES (North and East Syria). The AANES model for feminist democratization and liberalization need to be implemented by the KRG (Kurdistan Regional Government) in the KRI (Kurdistan Region of Iraq) in order to attain Kurdish unity and establish an independent Kurdish state in half of Kurdistan. This process would be implemented by the ruling KDP and PUK political parties which would reform themselves to become inclusive of women.

However, Kurdish political parties need to already now discuss the structure of the future independent Kurdish state in half of Kurdistan. Switzerland is a useful model for Kurdistan. An independent Kurdistan should become a decentralized federal state with medium sized self-governing cantons. There should be a proportional electoral system both on the cantonal level and on the federal level that will ensure political diversity and prevent any individual political party from monopolizing political power and returning the country to dictatorship.

Published by Daniella Bartfeld

Daniella Bartfeld is the founding director of the Aliyah Organization.

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